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Persian rugs

January 21, 2020 0 Comments iranian-products
Pazyryk Carpet is the oldest carpet in the world, dated to the 4th–3rd centuries BCE. It is discovered by Sergey Rudenko. He is a Russian archaeologist. According to archaeological research, this carpet is related to Iran. So based on statistics Iranian carpet has a long history. It measures 183×200 cm and has a knot density of approximately 360,000 knots per square meter, which is higher than most modern carpets. The middle of the carpet consists of a ribbon motif, while in the border there is a procession with elk or deer, and in another border warrior on horses. The Pazyryk carpet was manufactured in Ancient Armenia or Persia around 400 BC. When it was found it had been deeply frozen in a block of ice, which is why it is so well-preserved. The carpet can be seen at the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
In 2010, traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars and Kashan were inscribed on Representative List of the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Carpets of Kashan are made by Persian weaving style (known as asymmetrical knotting), so the back side of the carpet is evenly knotted. Carpets of Fars, woven by nomads on the horizontal frame placed on the ground, and without any design. Iran exports$ 2.5 of commodities to Turkey during January-May. Iranian nano carpets exported to 25 countries in 2018. Its high quality products to 25 countries around the world in 2018 and also in 2017 an Iranian company exported as many as 70 tones of nanotechnology enhanced towels to neighboring countries, including  Georiga , Iraq and Azarbayjan. The company Novin Azar  Novin Ideal Co., exported  70 tons of nano enhanced towels to various neighboring countries in 2018 valued  at $600,000.and also in 2019 Iran exports $2.6 million dollar ,handmade carpet to Norway.generally, Iran has exported $ 1.5 billion Handmade carpets  in the last two decades.

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Some of the most important questions about Persian carpet;

  1. Why Persian carpet is popular in the world?

  • High Quality of materials
  • Variety of colors
  • Natural color and live color
  • Different style of weaving
  • for their hand-knotted textiles
  1. How expensive is a Persian rug?

With these prices in mind, a 6×9 authentic, hand-knotted oriental rug could cost anywhere between $1,000 and $5,000. Be aware of the rug’s size, knot count, origin and materials before purchasing to determine whether it’s priced fairly or not.
  1. What is the most expensive Persian rug?

The most expensive rug ever sold is the Sotheby’s ’17th Century Antique Persian Carpet’ which sold for $33 Million. Shattering all records and becoming the most expensive rug ever sold, the auction at Sotheby’s New York baffled everyone.
  1. What is Persian carpet made of?

There is more to it than what meets the eye in the materials used to make Persian & Oriental carpets. Each of the material has its own specialities and requirements to meet the highests standards. There is much ado when it comes to the perfect end result. Wool is the most commonly used material in weaving handmade Persian rugs. mainly because it is soft and durable but also due to the availability of the natural resource to the people of Iran. Although camel or goats hair is sometimes used, in excess it is undesirable and Natural silk is extremely expensive and therefore used less in rugs. Some of the most beautiful colours are obtained from natural dyes, not only do these colours appear more natural but their durability tends to be greater than chemical dyes. The most commonly used vegetable dyes are indigo (originally obtained by extracting and fermenting the leaves of the indigo plant and used to dye wool blue), madder (produced by boiling the dried, chunked root of the madder plant in the dye pot to produce a red colour), and larkspur (produced by boiling the crushed leaves, stems, and flowers of the larkspur plant). These dyes produce dark navy blue, dark rusty-red and muted gold. Expensive Saffron flower is used to create rare shades of yellow.

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  1. What are the different types of Persian rugs?

  • Tabriz rugs: Tabriz rugsoriginate from Tabriz, capital city of Azerbaijan and one of the oldest rug weaving centers in the region. These are high quality rugs with a wool or wool/silk pile and a cotton or silk warp. The patterns range from teardrop medallions to floral, trees and hunting scenes. Antique Tabriz rugs are extremely valuable and can only be found in exclusive private collections and museums.
  • Heriz rugs: Bright vibrant colors and characteristic bold patterns make these rugs easy to identify. Heriz rugswill always feature an oversized medallion in the center, with a double or triple outline and large corner pieces. These rugs are very durable and will last for generations.
  • Kashan rugs: The medallion and corner pattern on an ornately patterned floral field is a trademark of kashan rugs the colors used in the designing is usually a combination of deep blues, rich reds and ivory with occasional splotches of yellow, green and burnt orange. These rugs are high quality with a knot count that ranges from 100kpsi to over 800 kpsi.
  • Gabbeh rugs: Woven by Qashqai and Luri weavers in the Zagros Mountains, the tribal influence is very evident in Gabbeh Rugs Made of local handspun wool, these rugs are thick and coarse and the designs are simple and woven on a plain lush field of color. Only natural dyes are used and typical colors of these rugs are orange, yellow, rust or red.
  • Isfahan rugs: The design silk and wool of Isfahan rugs is very balanced and symmetrical. Typically it will consist of a single indigo, rose or blue medallion surrounded by vines and woven on an ivory background.


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  • Nain rugs: Nain rugs are high quality with, very fine quality wool and a knot count of about 300 kpsi to 700 kpsi. The patterns are very intricate and usually consist of blue or green intertwined branches with tiny flowers woven on a white or light ivory background.
  • Mashhad rugs: Mashhad rugs typically feature a lone, oversized Shah Abbasi medallion in the center on an elaborate background filled with floral motifs in a curvilinear design. These rugs are usually large with a wool pile and a cotton foundation.
  • Balouchi rugs: Because of Balouchi rug’s nomadic tribal original, you’ll rarely find a large sized Balouch rug. These small rugs have simple geometric patterns and are woven with sheep wool that is dyed blue or dark red. The edges use camel or goat hair in beige or brown.
  • Qum rugs: Also known as Koum, Kom, Kumm, Qhum, or Ghom, these rugs are woven in the Qum province of Iran. Qum rugs are very high quality. They are tightly knotted, with a luxurious pile of silk or cotton and intricate designs that include a combination of flowers, birds, medallions, hunting scenes and gardens in dark blue, reddish brown or orange. Turquoise is always used in some element in a Qum rug.

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