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Philosophy of celebrations of ancient Iran

January 23, 2020 0 Comments iran-events
The word of celebration is from Sin in holy book ‘Avesta’ and sometimes is called Yasna because all the religious celebration like “Mehregan or Farvardegan” were to pray or praise the God and these blessed holy days were called Jashn. Happiness, joy, pleasure, and giving a party were called” Aidd”, so when we say Jashn Norooz it is also for Aidde Norooz (and some other words in Persian like: Bazm and Soor and Mihmani  In ancient Iranian culture, the cause of human creation is goodness. Iranian people believed they have to be a good person and they have to fight to bad things. One of the way it was celebrations.  There are many different kind of celebration In ancient Iranian culture.
NOMouths nameDate and name the dayThe name of the Celebration
1Farvardin19th day of month,8th AprilFarvardegan Celebration
2Ordibehesht3th day of month,23 th AprilOrdibeheshtegan Celebration
3Khordad6th day of month,27th MayKhordadegan Celebration
4Tir13th day of month,4th JulyTiregan Celebration
5Amordad7th day of month,29th JulyAmordadegan Celebration
6Shahrivar4th day of month,26th AugustShahrivaregan Celebration
7Mehr16th day of month,8th OctoberMehregan Celebration
8Aban10th day of month, 1th NovemberAbanegan Celebration
9Aazar9th day of month,30th NovemberAzaregan Celebration
10Day1thday of month, 22th DecemberKhorram Rooz Celebration
11Bahman2th day of month,22th JanuaryBahmanegan Celebration
12Esphand5th day of month, 2dst FebruaryEsphandegan Celebration

Farvardegan Celebration (Nowruz)

 Nowruz celebration was one of seven essential celebrations for ancient Iranians. It was seventh festival. This celebrations made framework of religious year in Zoroaster religion and help to lithograph the instructions of religion in minds of followers. With advent Islam religion the first six celebrations that in Sasanian empires had been named Gahamabar, were eliminated and from seven essential celebrations only vernal Nowruz were held. Nowadays Nowruz is holding in Islamic Iran (Cambridge). The ‘Jashn” word is extracted from Yasneh or Yasna that in Pahlavi language is Yazshaneh and means worship, praise, prayer and happiness.


Ordibeheshtgan Celebration (Symbol of cleanliness)

On the second day of Ordibehesht(22 of April) people went to nature to collect flowers and plants and the next day named ‘Ordibeheshtgan’, which was celebrated to extol honesty. In ancient Persia people believed that the 2nd day of the month Ordibehesht(Its name of months) belongs to an angel who represents honesty and purity. People in this celebration reminded themselves that they should maintain such characteristics in their lives. During Ordibeheshtgan Festival, people dressed in white, which symbolized cleanliness and purity.

Khordadegan Celebration (Respect to water)

One of the most important traditions on this day is going to the river bends and sea sides accompanied by friends and family, chanting religious benedictions praising “Ahura Mazda” and spending a joyful day. Some of the activities on this day has been pointed out in the book of “ Farziat Nameh” written by the elder Zoroastrian priest “ Datur Darab Palen” which describes some of the activities on this day including: washing bodies, digging wells and renewing water canals.

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Tiregan Celebration (Day of wishes)

The Tiregan Celebration  is an ancient summer Persian festival , celebrated annually on 13th of the month of “Tir” (early-July). This festival has been celebrated by fun activities including splashing water, dancing, singing the songs and wishing for ample rainfall, special foods are also served. It is still celebrated in various regions of Iran such as Mazandaran, Kerman and Yazd Provinces and also the city of Farahan which is the major center for celebrating Tirgan Festival.

Amordadegan Celebration (Immortality)

The Amordadegan festival, also transliterated as Amordadegan or Amardadegan, is an ancient Iranian tradition celebrated 127 days after Nowruz. Amordadegan in Persian means “without death” the 5th month of Persian calendar is Mordad that came from Amordad or Ameretat word. The Amordadegan festival was celebrated by the Zorastrians over 4000 years. It falls on the 7th day of Mordad.

Shahrivaregan Celebration (Birth of Cyrus the Great)

 Shahrivaregan, also celebrated as the ancient Persian Fathers Day of one of original Iranian festivals. It is one of 12 monthly Iranian Feats and part of Persian water festivals. Shahrivaregan historically coincides with the birthday of king Darab ( Dariush) and Prophet Mani. The ancient Iranian theology the Shahrivar month is the angel of kindness.

Mehregan Celebration Day of Bliss friendship, bonding and affection

The Persian festival of autumn. It’s the religion of nature and sun. Its message is good words, good deeds, and good thoughts. Its lesson is to become like the nature, always changing for good, being generous, and be like the gorgeous sites of our beautiful planet. Its prophets are the spring and the autumn; it is the Zoroastrian religion. The autumn starts with the month of Mehr in Persia and its 16th day (Mehregan) is the celebration of light, friendship, kindness, and love in ancient Avestan calender. Mehr is the symbol of Sun in Persian culture and the Sun is said to be the eye of Mitra, the goddess of light.

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Abanegan Celebration (Praising the God of Water)

 Aban (November), the other name of the Aredwi of Sur-Anahita, symbolizes the clean waters on the earth and the purity of the world. Anahita has had a valuable place in Iranian myths. The Iranians went to the near spring to celebrate the Abad Egan celebration of water and read a portion of the Avesta prayer called Abzour for the flow of running water.10th Aban (November), Celebration of Abad Egan. The Ab (water) is collected in Aban is in Avesta and in its later part in Sanskrit Ape. This element is like the other elements of fire, air and soil in ancient Iranian religion. And the Iranians praised these four elements (they did not worship), which are the basic of life (and today the Zoroastrians regard them as pure and praised them as they used to, like the angel. On top of which we salute the running water, we kept the waters clean, respectfully for the water angel.

Azaregan Celebration (respect to fire)

Azar in Avesta is called Atarash which in time may have become “Atash”, the synonym for Azar meaning fire in modern Persian. In Iranian culture, fire is a sacred element of the world because it’s the source of life by bringing warmth & light; and Azar purifies. In ancient Gata (Zoroastrian prayers), Azar is greeted as the light from God, and is welcomed to every house as they wish for a warm home with peace & security for the family.

Khorram Rooz Celebration (Yalda Night)

Shabe yalda is called Khorram Rooz. It is an Iranian festival celebrated on the “longest and darkest night of the year,” that is, in the night of the Northern Hemisphere’s winter solstice. Calendrically, this corresponds to the night of December 20/21 (±۱) in the Gregorian calendar, and to the night between the last day of the ninth month (Azar) and the first day [Khorram Rooz] of the tenth month (Dey) of the Iranian civil calendar.Khorram Rooz is the first day of Dey, the 10th month of the Iranian calendar. Both religious and non-religious traditions are associated with this day, such as the ancient Persians considering it the first day of their New Year.

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Bahmanegan Celebration (Forbidden to eat meat)

 The ancient Iranian people refuse to eat meat on this day.


Sephandegan Celebration (Day of love)

Love has always been a crucial component of the Persian culture. Whether it’s within the sweet verses of Persian Poets or through the spiritual love of Sufis for God, love was spread through Persia and Iran for millennia. But did you know that long before the creation of Valentine’s Day, it existed in Persia a day to celebrate love and express respect toward women? This day is called “Sepandarmazgan”, or more recently, “Esfandegan”.

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